Foundational Knowledge: The Legislative Branch

Do you know your lawmakers?

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Foundational Knowledge: The Legislative Branch

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Derby Roan, Managing Editor

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The legislative branch, or the Congress, is comprised of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Congress meets in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
Congress is responsible for making the country’s laws. Each state elects two senators, ensuring that each state will have an equal say in the Senate. In the House, the number of representatives is determined by population, so people are represented equally. These individuals are elected directly by popular vote. Senators are elected by state, while representatives are elected by congressional districts.
Senators can be re-elected once every six years in even-numbered years. Their positions are staggered so that one third of the senate is up for re-election every two years. Representatives serve two-year terms, so they are all up for re-election every two years.
In the Senate, Illinois is currently represented by Tammy Duckworth and Dick Durbin, both Democrats. In the House, Illinois’ 18 districts are represented by 11 Democrats and seven Republicans.
Senators and House members alike were on the ballot in the past presidential election. The next opportunity to vote for senators and representatives will be Nov. 6 2018.

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